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PSY 201 (Miller): Class Activity

Research Guide for Principles of Psychology

Primary v. Secondary Articles Activity

In teams of two or three, take a few minutes to look at the full text of the following two articles:

Gibson, B., Hawkins, I., Redker, C., & Bushman, B. J. (2018). Narcissism on the Jersey Shore: Exposure to narcissistic reality TV characters can increase narcissism levels in viewers. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 7(4), 399-412. doi:

Miller, J. D., & Campbell, W. K. (2010). The case for using research on trait narcissism as a building block for understanding narcissistic personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 1(3), 180-191. doi:

  • Which article is primary research?  Which one is a secondary source?
  • What clues helped you decide?




By comparing and practicing searching in various types of information locations students will be able to determine the best places to start their research.

For this activity you will be working in pairs.

Decide on a search topic and search keywords - once you've decided you will use just those words for all of the searches.

For example: (Nature versus Nurture) AND sports

You will be searching in the library catalog OneSearch, Psychology Databases and Google

Answer the following questions: (Create Columns to track the information, jot down the title)

Looking at only the top 5 results find the following information for each:

What type of material is it? (book, article, video, review, newspaper, website, image)

How old is the item? (if you can't tell, note that as well)

Who published it?

Who is the author? What are their credentials?

Is this item immediately accessible? Would you have to pay? Can you request it?

*Remember even though I asked you to stick with the same keywords for this activity, you would normally try to gather more similar keywords from the articles you find to develop more refined searches.

Researching is an iterative process



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