"I've heard some people say citation, and other people say works-cited list or entry. What's the difference?"
Citations and works-cited lists are linked to each other. When you cite a source, you're providing credit for that source in two different places: a citation and a works-cited list.
Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451. Ballantine Books, 1970.
The citation should always match the works-cited entry. That way, if a reader wants to find more information about a source while reading your work, s/he can just flip to the back to locate the source in your works-cited list according to the information you provided in your citation.
It's also a good idea to double-check that all of the sources in the in-text citations are in the works-cited list, and vice versa. In other words, don't include sources in your works-cited list that you didn't quote or paraphase; that's called "bib padding."
Citations perform very important roles in research, both at an academic and a professional level.
Why Should I Cite?
Citing your sources
When Should I Cite?
You should use citations whenever you quote, paraphrase, or summarize someone else's work.
You should cite your sources whenever you write ideas that aren't your original ideas. For specific situations, take a look at: Plagiarism Resources.
Er, Amanda. Matryoshka Dolls. 2010, March 13, Flickr, www.flickr.com/photos/er_amanda/4428053755/.
The new MLA 8th Edition focuses on the concept of "containers" instead of formats.
For example, a book is a container. If it's a print book, then it just has one container. But if it's an e-book, then it has two containers (the e-book itself, and the database or e-reader that you used to access the e-book.)
The same thing happens with articles from journals. The journal is the main container of the article, but if you found the journal article from a database, then the database is an outer container for the journal.
MLA provides examples of using the container structure on their website.
All works-cited entries provide the same types of information, what MLA calls the Core Elements:
It might help to think about how these core elements fit within a who, what, where, when format
While there are different citation styles (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.), they all serve the same purpose. And they all have similar fill-in-the-blank properties. Think of them like jigsaw puzzles. You just have to put the pieces together. And just as different jigsaw puzzles are completed in different ways, different citations have different orders of placement.
citation jigsaw puzzle solved
citation jigsaw puzzle pile
Also, syntax and punctuation matter in the creation of citations. If you place the citation elements in the wrong order with incorrect punctuation, the citation won't work — just as the jigsaw pieces wouldn't fit together if the shapes or edges weren't exact matches.