APA style requires that you cite the author and publication year of a reference in the text of your paper. One or both of these elements may be in parentheses. Direct quotations also require the page number. If both author and year are in the text, no additional information is needed. The full information for the source will follow in the reference list at the end of the paper. Here are some examples. More detailed examples are in the handout below.
|Paraphrase||There was no relationship (Nkumbe, 2016).|
|Paraphrase, author in text||Nkumbe (2016) found that....|
|Quote||She stated, "...." (Lopez, 2015, p. 15).|
|Quote, author in text||Lopez (2015) states that, "....." (p. 15).|
|Quote from a website (use paragraph numbers)||She stated, "...." (Lopez, 2014, para. 5).|
|Two authors||Nothing was proven (Nkumbe & Lopez, 2016).|
|Two authors, authors in text||Nkumbe and Lopez (2016) found that....|